It is not yet clear whether the mass killings in the Western Cape in recent months are linked.

Communities remain under siege by armed people.

Many of the attacks are suspected to be gang-related, especially those that occurred in Khayelitsha and Gugulethu.

The latest mass shooting happened in Tulbagh in the Witzenberg Municipality where four men were killed by shooters who stormed a house.

The motive for the attack is unknown at this stage.

Policing expert Eldred De Klerk says at this stage, it is not yet clear if the spate of seemingly sporadic attacks are linked.

De Klerk does however say extortion has become easier to do in townships because of the many shops and small businesses that have opened up in recent years.

“So the opportunity is to extort the others has also grown. The township economy has always been for the large part a cash economy. So the fact that we work largely in the sector as part of the cash economy almost enables this whole crime craft and extortion business to continue to flourish”.